Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. is a Chinese multinational networking and telecommunications equipment and services company headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong. It is the largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer in the world, having overtaken Ericsson in 2012.
Huawei was founded in 1987 by Ren Zhengfei, a former engineer in the People's Liberation Army. At the time of its establishment, Huawei focused on manufacturing phone switches, but has since expanded its business to include building telecommunications networks, providing operational and consulting services and equipment to enterprises inside and outside of China, and manufacturing communications devices for the consumer market. Huawei has over 170,000 employees as of September 2015, around 76,000 of whom are engaged in research and development (R&D).It has 21 R&D institutes in countries including China, the United States,Canada, the United Kingdom,akistan, Finland, France, Belgium, Germany, Colombia, Sweden, Ireland, India, Russia, Israel, and Turkey, and in 2014, the company invested $6.4 billion USD in R&D, up from $5 billion USD in 2013.
In 2014, Huawei recorded a profit of 34.2 billion CNY (5.5 billion USD).Its products and services have been deployed in more than 170 countries and it currently serves 45 of the world's 50 largest telecoms operators.
In June 2016, Huawei is reportedly working on and designing its own mobile OS for future usage.
In July 2017, Huawei surpassed Apple and became the second largest smartphone manufacturer in the world (third if BBK Electronics, which operates Oppo, OnePlus and Vivo smartphone brands, is counted in), after Samsung.
In September 2017, Huawei created an NB-IoT city-aware network using a "one network, one platform, N applications" construction model utilizing IoT, cloud computing, big data, and other next-generation information and communications technology (ICT), it also aims to be one of the world's five largest cloud players in the near future.
Huawei is organized around three core business segments:
Telecom Carrier Networks, building telecommunications networks and services
Enterprise Business, providing equipment, software and services to enterprise customers, e.g. Government Solutions etc.
Devices, manufacturing electronic communications devices
Huawei announced its Enterprise business in January, 2011 to provide network infrastructure, fixed and wireless communication, data center, and cloud computing solutions for global telecommunications customers.Huawei has stated that it aims to increase enterprise sales to US$4 billion in 2011 and $15 billion within three to five years.
In 2016, Huawei enterprise business group launched a new marketing slogan defining its position for the enterprise market, "Leading New ICT, Building a Better Connected World" at CeBIT 2016.
Huawei Global Services provides telecommunications operators with equipment to build and operate networks as well as consulting and engineering services to improve operational efficiencies.These include network integration services such as those for mobile and fixed networks; assurance services such as network safety; and learning services, such as competency consulting.
In 2010, Huawei won 47 managed services contracts to help improve network performance and efficiency for customers, as well as reducing the costs of network operations and maintenance. In 2010 Huawei's global services revenues grew 28.6% to US$4.82 billion.